The decay of food particles in and around the teeth can increase bacteria and cause a bad smell. Smoking causes its own unpleasant smell in the mouth. Other conditions of the mouth, nose, and throat. Alcohol consumption is another culprit for bad breath, so the more you drink, the more likely you are to experience it.
Drinking alcohol, especially in excess, causes a decrease in the production of saliva, which is the best environment for bacteria that cause bad smell to thrive. Bad breath, known medically as halitosis, can be the result of poor dental health habits and can be a sign of other health problems.
Bad breathcan also be worsened by the types of foods you eat and other unhealthy lifestyle habits. You can take steps to prevent and treat halitosis at home and with the help of your dentist or doctor.
Saliva helps displace bacteria from the mouth that cause bad smells. When your mouth is dry, your saliva doesn't get rid of the bacteria that cause bad smell, which causes bad breath. This is why most people breathe in the morning; saliva production decreases when they sleep, leading to dry mouth and bad breath. Smoking can dry out your mouth, cause bad breath and make your mouth smell like an ashtray.
In addition, smokers are more prone to gum disease, which is another source of bad breath. There are possible causes outside the mouth that may be causing bad breath. This can include heartburn, gastrointestinal diseases, uncontrolled diabetes, kidney disease, asthma, cystic fibrosis, liver cirrhosis, tonsillitis, sinus infection, and other serious illnesses. In addition, certain medications can contribute to dry mouth or release chemicals that cause bad breath.
Sometimes bad breath is the direct result of gum disease. But it can also be caused by allergies, lactose intolerance, or diabetes. If you have diabetes, for example, and it's not well controlled, you may end up consuming ketones (a chemical byproduct of burning fat instead of glucose for energy), says Dr. Bosma, substances that can make your breath smell fruity or like nail polish.
Poor oral hygiene also causes other oral health conditions, such as tooth decay and gum disease, which are also associated with bad breath. A diet high in sugar can cause bad breath and could be the culprit of halitosis because of the way that sugars interact with existing bacteria in the mouth. We asked experts to share the main causes of bad breath and the best ways to eliminate bacteria and other causes of halitosis. An infection caused by a dental implant can also cause bad breath, so good oral hygiene is crucial to prevent unpleasant complications.
As mentioned above, the most common reason for bad breath is oral hygiene, but other situations can also be the culprit. Bad breath, also known as oral odor or halitosis, is a very common and treatable condition in many adults.